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题名: Characterization of pyrolysates from maceral components of Tarim coals in closed system experiments and implications to natural gas generation
作者: Liu, Quanyou ; Liu, Wenhui ; Dai, Jinxing
刊名: ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY
出版日期: 2007
卷号: 38, 期号:6, 页码:921-934
学科分类: Geochemistry & Geophysics
英文摘要: [1] We document late Pleistocene - Holocene aggradation and incision processes at the mountain front of the Qilian Shan, an active intracontinental fold-and-thrust belt accommodating a significant portion of the India-Asia convergence. The Shiyou River cuts through a NNE vergent fault propagation fold with Miocene red beds in the core and Pliocene - Quaternary growth strata on the northern forelimb. South of the anticline, Miocene strata dip 20 degrees SSW, suggesting a similar orientation for the basal decollement. After aggradation of an similar to 150-m-thick, late Pleistocene valley fill, the Shiyou River formed three terraces. The highest terrace, located 170 m above the river, constitutes the top of the fill. The other terraces are fill cut terraces: their treads are located 130 - 105 m and 37 m above the river, respectively. The 10 Be exposure dating of the terraces suggests that river incision accelerated from 0.8 +/- 0.2 mm yr(-1) to similar to 10 mm yr(-1) at 10 - 15 kyr. We interpret fast Holocene river incision as largely unrelated to tectonic forcing. The late Pleistocene incision rate of 0.8 +/- 0.2 mm yr(-1) places an upper limit of 2.2 +/- 0.5 mm yr(-1) on the horizontal shortening rate, assuming that incision is solely caused by rock uplift above a decollement dipping 20 degrees. However, the actual shortening rate may lie between similar to 2.2 mm yr(-1) and zero because deformation of the terraces and the valley fill cannot be unequivocally demonstrated. Our estimate is consistent with the bulk shortening rate of similar to 5 - 10 mm yr(-1) across several faults in NE Tibet derived from neotectonic and GPS data, although in case of the Shiyou River, Holocene deformation is barely discernible owing to intense climate-induced river incision.
收录类别: SCI
语种: 英语
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.lig.ac.cn/handle/132962/2118
Appears in Collections:油气地球化学研究室_期刊论文

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Liu, Quanyou; Liu, Wenhui; Dai, Jinxing.Characterization of pyrolysates from maceral components of Tarim coals in closed system experiments and implications to natural gas generation,ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY,2007,38(6):921-934
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